There is a 유흥알바 large body of evidence suggesting that nightshift jobs are strongly associated with cardiovascular disorders; shift workers, on average, are at 40 percent greater risk of developing ischaemic heart disease than workers of today.
Night shift work may lead to health and social problems, such as psychophysiological problems (depression and anxiety), cardiovascular problems (hypertension and heart disease), and lack of communication with the family.21 22 In a concluding analysis, headaches and fatigue were the most frequently reported symptoms, similar to earlier studies.23 24 However, a number of factors, such as age, exposure time, or inadequate behavior, were found to occur. There was a higher probability to suffer from a sleep deficit in later nights of shift work; this was more intensified in the latter part of shifts, occurring early in the morning, leading to increased risks for errors and accidents, particularly when travelling.
For example, employees starting their shifts between 4 a.m. and 7 a.m. frequently have trouble gaining sleep, whereas those working night shifts generally experience trouble maintaining sleep. Because nearly nobody working nights sticks with the exact same bedtime/wakeup times during the days they are off, and it takes approximately one week for circadian re-adjustment to happen whenever someone moves their sleep/wake cycles, the bodies of most workers working nights will never become completely adjusted to a particular schedule. Because unconventional shifts are outside of the normal job schedule, they typically require employees to concentrate on working nights and sleeping in the days. Shift workers typically get their sleep for the day in two separate periods, several hours in the morning, and then one hour or so before going to work at night.
New recruits and low-ranking officers often will work several days of regular afternoon hours, then work either a longer shift stretching into the morning, or rest for the day before working the full evening shift. Not only are these extremely stressful, productivity-draining shifts forced upon less-experienced officers, younger officers are also given no time to adjust their sleeping patterns to the nights job. Most workers involved in rotating shifts must rapidly adapt to varying shift lengths, but night shift workers are allowed to adapt so long as they maintain a reversed sleep/wake cycle.
Although rotating shifts may adversely affect an individuals psychological well-being, little evidence has been found linking rotating or weekend shifts with psychological disruption.21 30 31 Our research found no significant differences between night shift workers and day shift workers. The aim of our study was to assess the effects of working on a night shift on health, psychological social wellbeing, and sleep quality in healthcare workers. In the Middle East, there are very few studies that evaluate the effects of night shift work on sleep quality in health professionals, or on associated physical and psychosocial wellbeing in workers who are working at night.
Adverse mental and physical health outcomes have been associated with night-shift workers for years, yet, as a group, night-shift workers have been marginalized, with no evidence-based guidelines available to assist night-shift workers with the immediate problems associated with fatigue, sleep disorders, and diet; and an overall lack of health surveillance and harm reduction measures in place to safeguard workers against developing severe, long-term health problems, such as cancer. Not all people working the nightshift, of course, will develop these health problems, but it is important that workers understand the risks, and why it is so critical they take steps to safeguard their mental and physical health.
Working nightshifts increases your risk for mental health issues, including mood disorders, as well as sleep disorders. Nightshift working patterns have negative consequences both for individuals, and those affected by this delivery of services; for instance, adverse consequences to patient safety and care, as in the case of healthcare workers, as well as substantial costs to economic and productivity. This type of work may have a negative impact on nightshift workers relationships, families, and other aspects of their lives, potentially leading to chronic stress, which may, in turn, ultimately result in depression or other mood disorders. Another sleep hazard is if the worker, who works seven 12-hour shifts per week, uses his time off to do another, nearly full-time job.
Employees who are forced to do these uneven shifts over long periods can experience various health problems. One study found that nurses working rotating nights followed by days reported lower job satisfaction, decreased sleep quality and quantity, and increased fatigue, along with psychological and cardiovascular symptoms. The study did not examine why risk was greater among those working the night shift, but researchers speculated the changes in sleeping habits affected blood pressure and circulation. Evidence from earlier studies suggests women, especially, who work revolving evening shifts, could be at greater risk of developing coronary heart disease: Some statistics reported 40% increased risk in women just due to work stress.
Women who work nights are at much greater risk for breast cancer than those who only work during the day. Working night shifts may cause digestive problems, higher rates of cardiovascular disease, higher cholesterol, increased incidences of depression and anxiety disorders, increased errors and accidents, and higher rates of divorce. This is one of the reasons that night workers trying to go to sleep at 8 am have trouble doing so, as well as having trouble staying asleep throughout the day.
Charmane Ostman points out that he does not have a solution for workers who do have night-day combinations because there is no way for them to constantly re-shift their circadian rhythms to accommodate an ever-changing schedule. By subjecting experimental subjects to alternatingly bright lights on their nights off, and having them wear sunglasses when they get home, and sleeping in extremely dark bedrooms, Charmane Eastman and her team found Violantis study could shift someones circadian rhythms within a week or so, so as to align with working the nights off and sleeping the days off.